2014-15 Catalog

Sociology and Archaeology (SOC/ARC)

College of Liberal Studies
Department Chair: Kimberly Vogt
435A Wimberly Hall; 608.785.8457
Email: kvogt@uwlax.edu

www.uwlax.edu/sociology

The Department of Sociology and Archaeology at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse offers majors in archaeological studies and sociology and minors in anthropology, archaeology, sociology and criminal justice.

The Department of Sociology and Archaeology at UW-La Crosse provides several services for students including: internship advising, a limited number of part-time employment positions in the department, a newsletter to keep students informed of department policies, directions and developments, the Archaeology Club, and the Social Issues Club.

Majors

The Archaeological Studies Program at UW-L is one of, if not the best, comprehensive undergraduate program in archaeology in the United States and the only one in the Midwest. The uniqueness of our program lies in the fact that it is an interdisciplinary major that integrates the fields of New World and Old World archaeology, cultural anthropology, physical anthropology, geoarchaeology, and cultural resource management. We are able to provide our undergraduate students with practical experience unmatched by other programs of its kind for two primary reasons:

  1. Our close relationship with the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC), the research arm of our program, which conducts extensive research and public education activities throughout the tri-state region of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa; and
  2. Our impressive array of intensive international experiences designed to provide students with practical anthropological, archaeological, and ethnographic methods. 

The Sociology Program provides students with a broad base of skills useful in business, human resources, social services, government and non-profit organizations. Sociology is the study of human groups and how the group influences social behavior. The field is both a science and a philosophy, seeking to answer questions about human behavior through the use of scientific methods. Sociology adds to our knowledge of people as agents of a particular culture or often a mix of different cultures. Sociology studies patterns of social interaction within a society and the specific institutional structures that influence human lives in positive and negative ways. A general goal of much sociological research is to enhance our understanding of how society really works and to expose the often hidden structures of authority and power that regulate social outcomes. Areas of concentration include comparative sociology, criminal justice, demography and social stratification, sociological theory, and social psychology. The department encourages students to consider internships, volunteer work, and undergraduate research projects as an important part of their sociological training. Students should work closely with their advisers in selecting elective courses and a minor that can help them toward their career goals.

Minors

The anthropology minor  provides students with a broad background in one of the most fascinating of social sciences - Anthropology, the scientific study of humanity. Required curriculum in the minor exposes students to all four sub-disciplines of anthropology - cultural anthropology, physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics – and students are able to flesh out the minor with a range of elective courses that satisfy their particular interests. The anthropology minor is an excellent pairing with a number of disciplinary majors available on campus including archaeology; sociology; communications; women’s, gender, and sexuality Studies; and disciplines in the health sciences, to name only a few.

The archaeological studies minor is designed for students who have an interest in the anthropological sub-discipline of archaeology but who are majoring in another discipline. Common majors that are served by the archaeology minor include history, geology, geography, biology, physics, and a number of others. The minor in archaeological studies provides students with a strong foundational understanding of the discipline while at the same time allowing for the selection of elective courses that particularly suite the individual student’s interests.

The criminal justice minor is an interdisciplinary minor designed to assist students planning to enter career related areas involving some aspect of the criminal or juvenile justice system. The minor provides students with the opportunity to gain an intellectual understanding of the U.S. criminal justice system. The minor is fully grounded in the liberal arts, and prepares students by providing a sound knowledge base and developing analytical and critical thinking skills necessary in criminal justice related occupations. The criminal justice minor is complementary to a variety of majors offered at UW-La Crosse. Majors in sociology, political science, public administration, psychology, philosophy, Spanish, geography, accountancy, computer science, chemistry, therapeutic recreation, or the pre-law program (in conjunction with a major), will maximize student experiences and opportunities in criminal justice related fields.

The sociology minor provides students with the opportunity to explore questions about human behavior in social groups and an understanding of social institutions such as the family, education, economic structure, health care, and criminal justice. In addition, course electives allow students to explore the roots of social inequalities such as racism, sexism, economic inequality, and heterosexism. The sociology minor pairs well with the areas of psychology; economics; marketing; business administration; therapeutic recreation; health promotion; exercise and sport science; political science; public administration; history; and women's, gender, and sexuality Studies.


General education writing emphasis

This department incorporates a significant amount of writing through the required courses instead of identifying particular courses as writing emphasis courses. Students who complete a major in this department will fulfill the general education writing emphasis requirement.


Professor

Enilda Delgado

Timothy Gongaware

Timothy McAndrews

Carol Miller

Kimberly Vogt

WIlliam Zollweg

Associate Professor

David Anderson

Vincent Her

Christine Hippert

Assistant Professor

Nicholas Bakken

Laurie Cooper-Stoll

Adam Driscoll

Katherine Grillo

Jessi Halligan

Lisa Kruse

Julia McReynolds-Pérez

Peter Marina

Dawn Norris

Elizabeth Peacock

Associate Lecturer

Constance Arzigian

Administrative Support

Debra Holtschlag

+ next to a course number indicates a general education course

Anthropology Courses

+ANT 101 Cr.3

Human Nature/Human Culture

This course provides an overview of the four subfields of anthropology: physical anthropology, archaeology, cultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. The course will focus on how anthropologists seek to understand what it means to be human by examining how people are biologically, culturally, and socially similar and different around the world. We will cover multiple aspects of the human experience, including human evolution and biological diversity, primates and hominids, domestication and subsistence practices, marriage systems, sex and gender norms, religious beliefs, and linguistic diversity. Offered Annually.

+ANT 102 Cr.4

Introduction to Physical Anthropology

This course introduces the basic fields of physical anthropology: population genetics, human osteology, primatology, pale anthropology, and forensics. The class provides a substantive framework for learning about the biological diversity of the human species through scientific inquiry. The foundations of evolutionary theory and the fossil evidence for human evolution are also presented. Lect. 3, Lab. 2. Offered Annually.

ANT 195 Cr.3

Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

This course examines the behavior and customs of people throughout the world. Students will gain a better understanding of the variation of human thought and behavior and how anthropologists analyze the vast range of cultural differences. We will describe the patterns of marriage, family organization, gender and sexuality, political behavior, economic systems, subsistence patterns, religion and ritual, etc. of societies all over the world. We will also examine some of the global issues that societies contend with, such as development, transnational migration, and the economic and political ramifications of colonization. Prerequisite: declared anthropology minor plan. Offered Annually.

ANT 196 Cr.3

Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

This course is an introduction to linguistic anthropology. Language is central to enculturation, whether it comes in the form of speech, writing, gesture, or style. We will start with a four-field perspective, examining the origins of human communication, early writing systems, cultural differences in language socialization, and how people use language now. From there, we will focus on the role language plays in people’s social lives. Topics include gesture, literacy and global media, linguistic variation, language and identity, multilingualism, and language change and loss. Offered Annually.

+ANT/SOC 202 Cr.3

Contemporary Global Issues

This course will offer a contemporary multi-disciplinary perspective regarding the major issues and trends confronting the Global Society as it enters the 21st century. Emphasis will be given to a critical review and assessment of the origin and present condition of the plethora of situations and problems affecting modern Global Society. The student will also learn to critically evaluate current and future events. The course will incorporate the views and approaches of the following disciplines: sociology/anthropology, economics, geography, political science and history. Cross-listed with ANT/ECO/GEO/HIS/POL/SOC 202; may only earn credit in one department. Offered Annually.

ANT 215 Cr.3

Refugees, Displaced Persons & Transnational Communities

This course explores the lives of refugees, displaced persons and the emergence of transnational communities. Emphasis is placed on the causes of refugee movements; policies and practices concerning the status and rights of refugees; and asylum and resettlement in other countries. A comparative approach is used to draw attention to how people cope with displacement and transnational migration and establish new roots in the country of resettlement. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or ARC 100 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. Offered Fall, Spring.

ANT 250 Cr.3

Women and Society

A comparative and evolutionary analysis of the development of sex roles in human society, concentrating on the experience of females. Considers sexual dimorphism; symbolic background of gender; relationships between techno-economy, social structure, political organization and women’s roles; personality and sex roles; and the experience of women in America. Offered Occasionally.

ANT 266 Cr.3

Anthropology of Food

Cross-cultural practices and beliefs about the production, consumption, and distribution of food vary widely. This course examines food in a historical, social, and cultural context, focusing on the topics such as subsistence patterns and cultural patterns of food preparation and consumption; contemporary diets and the increasing prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease; cultural practices that restrict food intake or dictate food taboos; the globalization and 'McDonaldization' of food; and others. The goal of the course is to provide students with theoretical and methodological tools to analyze food as a symbolic, political, and cultural artifact in today's world. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT/SOC 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT 290 Cr.3

Andean Anthropology

This course focuses on peoples and cultures of the South American Andean region. Students will examine the various cultural beliefs and practices detailed in the ethnographic record of Andean peoples, such as the impacts and influence of colonialism on the present; religion and rituals; race, ethnicity, and gender; contemporary social movements; globalization and patterns of migration; and, media portrayals of the region. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT/SOC 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 304 Cr.3

Hunter and Gatherer Societies

This course focuses on recent human societies throughout the world that have lived by hunting and gathering wild resources. The specific subsistence strategies of a wide range of hunter-gatherer groups are examined relative to their technology, social structure, territory, demography and interaction with food producers. The conclusion of this course will consider hunter-gatherers in prehistory. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195; junior standing. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 305 Cr.3

Indigenous Agricultural Societies: Past & Present

This course examines the origins, structure, social organization, and operation of indigenous agricultural societies. A central focus of the course is an inquiry based, sequential examination of geographically related couplets involving (1) contemporary indigenous agricultural tribal societies and (2) archaeological excavation reports. The utility of the ethnographic record as a guide to interpretation of the archaeological record is evaluated. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/SOC 307 Cr.3

International Development and Culture Change

This course provides students with an overview of socio-cultural theories of international development and culture change. The course examines the cultural construction of 'development' as a product of the colonial era, the Cold War, and what has been called the neoliberal global economy. The goal of the course is to provide students with a comprehensive study of the strengths and limitations of contemporary development theory and method in anthropology and sociology, including such topics as conservation and the environment, indigenous peoples, gender and development, and the role of social movements and non-governmental organizations in the developmental process. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/HIS 312 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

This is a survey course that explores how people in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have experienced the transition from socialism to postsocialism and beyond. Within the framework of cultural anthropology, we will examine the major concerns of postsocialism - including how people understand the role of the government, what is means to be a citizen, and how they view themselves as members of communities - in order to gain a better understanding of how people experience, manage, and challenge the broad changes that have occurred in the political, economic, and social systems. More importantly, we will focus on how people have redefined what they value in life, what it means to be a “good” person, and what it means to be “postsocialist” in light of these changes. (Cross-listed with ANT/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT 320 Cr.3

Rites, Rituals and Ceremonies

This course examines the roles of rituals in family, community and national life. It introduces students to a variety of ritual traditions and symbolic practices from around the world. In the process, students will learn about the different approaches to studying, analyzing and interpreting the significance of rituals. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT/SOC 202. Offered Fall, Spring.

ANT 321 Cr.3

Images, Visual Culture and Anthropology

This course engages students in the practices of looking and encourages them to read into the meanings behind images. By combining movies, still photography, advertisements and illustrated magazines with class readings, discussions and assignments, students will learn to see the complex roles images play in modern society; how non-Western people have historically been represented in popular culture; and how experiences of the visual are informed as well as complicated by social, cultural and political histories. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or ARC 100 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. Offered Every Third Semester.

ANT 323 Cr.3

Anthropology of Youth and Adolescence

This course provides an overview of the anthropology of youth and adolescence, emphasizing how these concepts both vary and are similarly-shaped cross-culturally. Starting with the idea that categories of youth are flexible and achieved through everyday practice, we will examine topics such as socialization, development, rites of passage, adult perspectives of the adolescent experience, subcultures, and youth engagement with globalization and technology. In our discussions, we will also consider how adolescents are active agents in shaping the world around them and conversely, how they are shaped by their worlds. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 330 Cr.3

Pastoralism: Past and Present

Mobile pastoralism is a way of life centered on the management and herding of livestock. It has had a powerful impact on social and environmental landscapes since originating independently in various forms throughout the world, and tens of millions of people throughout the world still rely on cattle and other domesticated animals for survival today. This course will explore the archaeology and anthropology of pastoralist societies, focusing on the ecological, political, and cultural strategies that made pastoralism dynamic and sustainable throughout prehistory and into the current era. (Cross-listed with ARC/ANT, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT 343 Cr.3

North American Indians

This course concentrates on the Native peoples of North America (north of Mexico) immediately following the arrival of Europeans. The cultural patterns of representative groups will be studied intensively in each major region of North America. The region-by-region survey will be preceded by a brief discussion of the place of origin and time of arrival of the first people in the New World. This course will not be considering contemporary Native American issues. Prerequisite: ARC 200 recommended. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 346 Cr.3

Ethnoarchaeology and Experimental Archaeology

Archaeology isn't only about excavations: Since the 1960's, archaeologists have also examined aspects of life in the present as a way to better interpret material culture found at ancient sites. Ethnoarchaeology uses ethnographic field methods among modern peoples to develop informed hypotheses about life in the past. Experimental archaeology uses controlled scientific experiments to develop models about past behaviors including tool use, pottery production, etc. This course will cover both of these “middle-range” approaches, and will require participation in hands-on ethnoarchaeological and experimental class projects. Prerequisite: ARC 100 or ARC 195 or ARC 200 or ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT/SOC 202. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT 351 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia is a region of immense diversity with a long history of cultural mixing and blending. This class is a journey across this vast landscape to learn about the stories behind its ongoing histories, the dynamic influences on its changing cultures, and the vibrant lives of its peoples. Issues that matter to the everyday life of Southeast Asians are explored in relationship to national, regional and global trends. Prerequisite: ANT 195 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT/SOC 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC/HIS 353 Cr.3

Maya Civilization

The course presents an overview of the Maya culture located in southern Mexico and Central America. The class is organized chronologically into several sections that focus on the origins, adaptations to various environments, social, political, and religious organizations, and the belief systems of the Maya beginning at around 3000 BC. Emphasis will be on Prehispanic Maya; will also explore life ways of contemporary Maya people. (Cross-listed with ARC/ANT/HIS, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Summer.

ANT/SOC 354 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Latin America

This course is designed to give students an anthropological perspective on contemporary peoples living in Central and South America, the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, and Mexico. The course provides an overview of Latin American pre-histories, analyzing how the past influences present-day societies. The course then examines particular cultural aspects of the region, such as religion and ideologies, race, ethnicity, and gender, popular culture and the media, culture change, and social movements. Discussions throughout the course will also focus on the Latin American diaspora and how Latin American cultures are shaping, and shaped by, other cultures around the globe. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 357 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Africa

An anthropological introduction to the peoples and cultures of sub-Saharan Africa. Through classic and contemporary ethnography, as well as literature and film, this course will examine the history, diversity, and richness of African civilizations from pre-colonial times to the present. Throughout the course we will examine and challenge Western narratives about Africa and Africans, and take a critical approach to understanding current social, political, and economic issues facing African peoples. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/SOC 360 Cr.3

Catastrophes and Human Societies

An analysis of cultural impact of catastrophic events in human societies - natural and human-engineered disasters. Various dramatic upheavals will be explored across time and cultures as the class examines human and environmental traumas to which societies must adapt, the cultural interpretations/response which follow, and the manner in which major disasters have redefined and redirected the character and probable future history of each damaged, even endangered society. Study cases will include volcanic and weather cataclysms, plagues and associated population crashes, environmental catastrophes, as well as war, terrorism, and bio-terrorism. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ERS/SOC 362 Cr.3

Hmong Americans

This is an introductory course to Hmong American history, culture, and contemporary life. The course reviews Hmong history within the context of U. S. foreign policy in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1975 and examines the sociocultural transformations that have been taking place in Hmong American communities across the U.S. since 1976. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or SOC/ANT 202 or ARC 100 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT 370 Cr.3

Medical Anthropology

Using international examples, this course provides an overview of concepts and theories in medical anthropology and examines how an individual's interactions with the social and physical environment influence the experience of health and illness. The course focuses on medical anthropology as a subfield of anthropology, discussing specific global health issues such as cultural beliefs and practices of health and healing; complementary and alternative medicine in the U.S.; the effects of race, ethnicity, gender, and class on health status; medicine and power; HIV/AIDS, bioethics and biotechnology; and, the application of medical anthropology in international and domestic settings. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT/SOC 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 373 Cr.3

The Sky in Human Cultures

The Sky in Human Cultures examines how ancient peoples analyzed their skies, how they interpreted and applied the results of their observations, and what roles their considerable sky knowledge played in their lives and societies. While the course draws on some modern astronomical observation and calculation, this class relies primarily on anthropology and archaeology to explore the intimate relationships ancient peoples developed with this important feature of their environments. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Every Third Semester.

ANT 375 Cr.3

Language, Power, and Inequality

This course will examine how our ideas about language intersect with differences in power and social inequality cross-culturally. These ideas about language include how we think people “should” speak, who speaks the “best,” and which language varieties are valued. Focusing on the role of institutions, we will explore issues such as standardization, authenticity, language hierarchies and the effects of colonialism, “mixed” languages, political correctness, and global Englishes. This class will also examine how our ideas about language are used to construct and reflect social boundaries, which can affect people’s social and political opportunities. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT 196 or SOC/ANT 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC/SOC 399 Cr.3

SOC/ARC/ANT Forum

Investigation of areas and topics of current sociological/archaeological/anthropological interest not covered in the regular curriculum ranging from local to transnational issues. (Cross-listed with SOC, ANT and ARC, may only earn 12 credits total in SOC, ANT and ARC.) Repeatable for credit - maximum 12. Offered Occasionally.

ANT 401 Cr.4

Ethnographic Methods

Ethnography is a central method in anthropology. This course will provide students with the basics of ethnographic research through the use of small, hands-on group projects. In addition to reading texts on ethics, the research process, and the role of the researcher, we will move through all of the phases of ethnographic research as students gain skills in a variety of methods. Projects will cover preparing to do research, data collection, processing and analyzing data, and presenting research findings. The goal of this course is to teach students skills that can be applied to a variety of careers, as well as to future ethnographic research projects. Lec 3, Lab 2. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT 196 or SOC/ANT 202. Offered Occasionally.

ANT 409 Cr.1-3

Readings and Research in Anthropology

Directed readings or research under the supervision of an instructor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6. Prerequisite: junior standing. Consent of instructor. Offered Annually.

ANT 450 Cr.3-15

Internship in Anthropology

An academically relevant field experience for majors and minors in sociology/anthropology. The field experience will be supervised by the sociology/anthropology staff. No more than six credits may be applied to a major in sociology and no more than three credits toward sociology minor or anthropology minor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 15. Prerequisite: junior standing with at least a 2.50 GPA; approval of the departmental internship committee. Consent of department. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

ANT 454 Cr.3

Historical and Theoretical Approaches in Anthropology

This course examines the history of anthropological thought since the beginning of the discipline. The course will specifically look at theories and theorists in anthropology using a historical perspective, demonstrating the ways that social events and cultural forces have helped shape theoretical and methodological paradigm shifts throughout the history of the discipline. Students will also be required to analyze ethnographies as cultural artifacts by examining the strategies anthropologists use to represent cultures and their role in fieldwork. Prerequisite: ANT 102, ANT 195, ANT 196, one elective (3 credits, 300 level or above). Junior or senior standing. Offered Spring.

ANT/ARC 479 Cr.1-2

Archaeology/Anthropology Laboratory Assistant

An opportunity to assist in the preparation and instruction of an archaeology/anthropology laboratory. Students will be expected to assist in preparation of course materials, demonstrate proper techniques, and evaluate student performance. Repeatable for credit - maximum 4. Not applicable to the archaeology major or anthropology minor. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC, may only earn credit in one department.) Consent of instructor. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

ANT 499 Cr.2-3

Seminar in Anthropology

Intensive study of some specific area or problem of anthropology. Repeatable for credit. Prerequisite: maximum 12 credits may be earned between ARC 498 and ANT 499. Consent of instructor. Offered Occasionally.

Archaeology Courses

+ARC 100 Cr.3

Archaeology: Discovering Our Past

This course is an introduction to the fascinating world of archaeology designed as a detailed exploration of the methods used to learn about past human life before written records. Each student will be involved in the process of discovering our past. Not recommended for Archaeological Studies majors. Offered Annually.

ARC 101 Cr.1

Orientation to the Archaeological Studies Major

This course is an orientation to the Archaeological Studies major. It is designed for students who have either declared or are considering archaeology as a major. It is appropriate for second semester freshman through first semester juniors and all transfer students. The field of archaeology as a discipline will be discussed as will career options related to the field. Students will be required to complete a variety of tasks designed to identify and/or clarify career paths and goals and increase their understanding of archaeology as both an empirical and applied science. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Spring.

ARC 195 Cr.3

Archaeology

An introductory course for archaeology majors. Methods and techniques for the recovery and interpretation of archaeological evidence are examined as well as the role of archaeology in modeling past human behavior and environments. Breakout sessions include exposure to and interpretation of material culture, field and lab methods, use of classification systems, and examination of prehistoric technologies such as stone tools and pottery. Prerequisite: archaeology major plan. Offered Fall.

ARC 200 Cr.3

World Archaeology, the Story of Our Past

A survey course which examines the origin and development of human cultures from earliest Paleolithic times to the great ancient civilizations. An emphasis will be placed on how these evolutionary developments represent changing patterns of human adaptation to the social and natural environment. Offered Spring.

ARC/HIS 204 Cr.3

Ancient Literate Civilizations

An historical and archaeological study of ancient Eurasia and North Africa, including a survey of the major archaeological sites. Topics such as the development of urbanization in the Near East and Mediterranean, and comparative studies of the Indus civilization, China, Classical Greece, Rome, and the New World will be discussed. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC 231 Cr.3

Introduction to Underwater Archaeology

This course provides an introduction to the exciting field of underwater and maritime archaeology. Two-thirds of the modern planet is covered in water, and this course will discuss the role that rivers, lakes, and oceans have played in human history and in the preservation of this history. We will look at the history of seafaring and the earliest evidence for coastal communities. We will talk about the role that vessels have played in human expansions, warfare, trade, and everyday life. We will investigate previously-terrestrial sites that have become submerged, and the archaeology of great maritime centers. We will also discuss how archaeologists discover, excavate, study, and preserve the remains we recover from underwater sites. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 250 Cr.3

Museum Studies

This introductory course provides a history of museums, their goals and methods, administration, curation and exhibit techniques. Participants will be taking field trips to museums. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 280 Cr.3

Archaeology of the Andes

This course reviews the prehistory and early historic periods of the Andean regions of South America. Emphasis will be placed on tracing the rise of civilization in the Andes which culminated in the Inca Empire and the extraordinary events that led to the conquest of the Inca by the Spanish conquistadors. Topics to be explored include the controversial evidence of early man in South America, the role of the ocean and mountains in shaping pre-hispanic life, the origin of domesticated plants and animals, and the rise of the complex societies of Moche, Tiwanaku, Wari, Chimu, and of course, the Inca. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 285 Cr.3

Archaeology of Mexico and Central America

This course offers the student an overview of the evolution of the civilizations of ancient Mesoamerica (Mexico and Central America) from the earliest stages of hunting and food gathering until the conquest of Mesoamerica by Spain in the early 16th century. The course describes the social and economic life as organized by a complex religion which produced human sacrifice, writing, calendrical systems, advanced art forms, iconography, and monument building activities. Offered Summer.

ARC/HIS 295 Cr.3

Pyramids, Temples and Towns! The Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

This course is a survey of the archaeology of Ancient Egyptian civilization from an anthropological perspective and examines the Neolithic through Roman periods, ca. 5000 B.C. - A.D. 285. In this course, we will investigate the rise and development of Egyptian culture by examining selected archaeological sites and the material remains left behind by the ancient Egyptians. Using these materials, we will address specific topics of Ancient Egyptian civilization including the formation of the centralized state, sacred vs secular space, royal and private mortuary practices, urbanism, religion, roles of women in society, everyday life, history of Egyptian archaeology, recent discoveries, and future directions in the archaeology of Egypt. Offered Every Third Semester.

ARC 300 Cr.3

Cultural Resources Management

Since the 1980’s American archaeology has shifted from a strictly academic profession to a more practical occupation in which consulting and the implementation of legislation and public policy are major components. In fact, today Cultural Resource Management (CRM) is the dominant force in archaeology in the United States. The primary goals of this class are to provide students with an appreciation of the importance of CRM and an understanding of the legislation that drives it, as well as exposure to the everyday practices of archaeologists working in a CRM context. Prerequisite: ARC 195 recommended Offered Occasionally.

ARC 303 Cr.3

Archaeology Lab Methods

Taking a hands-on approach to analyzing and interpreting archaeological remains, the class will integrate lectures with demonstrations, experiments, and supervised laboratory projects. Study will focus on the potential for interpreting human life ways and adaptations to the environment from stone tools, ceramics, floral, and faunal remains. Prerequisite: ARC 195. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 304 Cr.3

Hunter and Gatherer Societies

This course focuses on recent human societies throughout the world that have lived by hunting and gathering wild resources. The specific subsistence strategies of a wide range of hunter-gatherer groups are examined relative to their technology, social structure, territory, demography and interaction with food producers. The conclusion of this course will consider hunter-gatherers in prehistory. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195; junior standing. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 305 Cr.3

Indigenous Agricultural Societies: Past & Present

This course examines the origins, structure, social organization, and operation of indigenous agricultural societies. A central focus of the course is an inquiry based, sequential examination of geographically related couplets involving (1) contemporary indigenous agricultural tribal societies and (2) archaeological excavation reports. The utility of the ethnographic record as a guide to interpretation of the archaeological record is evaluated. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC 310 Cr.3

Midwest Archaeology

This course will focus on the human occupation in the Midwest/Great Lakes region over the past 12,000 years. Emphasis will be given to the dynamic quality of cultural adaptation and social organization. The cultural developments leading to the Middle Woodland and Mississippi climaxes in the region are to be stressed. Prerequisite: ARC 195. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 312 Cr.3

African Archaeology

Africa has the longest archaeological record in the world. This course will examine the archaeology of African peoples from millions of years ago to the present, with particular emphasis placed on the last ten thousand years of African prehistory. Topics covered will include the continent's unique pathways to food production, as well as the development of metallurgy, the rise of complex urban societies such as Aksum and Jenne Jeno, and contemporary issues in cultural heritage. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 320 Cr.3

Historical Archaeology

The focus of this course is historical archaeology. This discipline combines an archaeological evaluation of material remains from the historic past with an examination and analysis of historical sources. In the New World, historical archaeologists work on a broad range of sites that document early European settlement and its effects on Native American peoples, wars fought on American soil, the subsequent spread of the Euro-American frontier, and later periods of urbanization and industrialization. Historical archaeologists seek to understand the past from an anthropological perspective and appreciate how broad historical developments have shaped modern society. In this class we will explore all these aspects of historical archaeology in the New World and abroad. Prerequisite: ARC 195. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 330 Cr.3

Pastoralism: Past and Present

Mobile pastoralism is a way of life centered on the management and herding of livestock. It has had a powerful impact on social and environmental landscapes since originating independently in various forms throughout the world, and tens of millions of people throughout the world still rely on cattle and other domesticated animals for survival today. This course will explore the archaeology and anthropology of pastoralist societies, focusing on the ecological, political, and cultural strategies that made pastoralism dynamic and sustainable throughout prehistory and into the current era. (Cross-listed with ARC/ANT, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 331 Cr.3

The Ancient Greek World

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Greek world (Greece proper, the Aegean Islands, southern Italy, western Turkey). Periods discussed will include Cretan (Minoan), Mycenaean, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Early Greek Christian. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 332 Cr.3

Ancient Rome and the Mediterranean

A historical and archaeological survey of the ancient Mediterranean area (with emphasis on the Italian peninsula) from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the western Roman Empire in the fifth century A.C.E. Periods discussed will include: Italy in the Neolithic period, the founding of Rome, Etruscan Domination, the Roman Republic, the Roman Principate/Empire, and the advent of Roman Christianity. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC 334 Cr.3

Bones for Archaeologist: Human Skeletal Anatomy and the Anthropological Study of the Dead

This course is designed for students majoring in archaeological studies or related fields. The focus of this course is a detailed study of the human skeleton. Each student will be required to learn the anatomy of the human skeleton in detail. Also considered are methods of determining an individual’s age, ethnic origins, sex, and stature from skeletal remains. The final three weeks of the course will be concerned with anthropological interpretation of the dead. Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 340 Cr.3

Origins of Cities

This course examines the origins and development of urban life. Students will first explore, from an anthropological perspective, the character of modern cities. Students will next examine the earliest cities in the Old and New Worlds, and comparatively explore the varied ecological, social, political, and demographic processes associated with urbanization in various ancient civilizations (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus Valley, China, Andes, and Mesoamerica). While the focus of this course is on archaeological cities, it draws heavily on ethnographic and sociological studies of urban forms. The purpose of this course is to provide students with a comparative understanding and appreciation of urban life and its long history. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC 341 Cr.3

North American Archaeology

An intensive survey of the prehistoric cultures of North America north of the Rio Grande from the initial peopling of the New World to European contact. Major archaeological sites and cultures will be critically examined and an interdisciplinary approach is stressed. Prerequisite: ARC 195 or ANT 101. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 346 Cr.3

Ethnoarchaeology and Experimental Archaeology

Archaeology isn't only about excavations: Since the 1960's, archaeologists have also examined aspects of life in the present as a way to better interpret material culture found at ancient sites. Ethnoarchaeology uses ethnographic field methods among modern peoples to develop informed hypotheses about life in the past. Experimental archaeology uses controlled scientific experiments to develop models about past behaviors including tool use, pottery production, etc. This course will cover both of these “middle-range” approaches, and will require participation in hands-on ethnoarchaeological and experimental class projects. Prerequisite: ARC 100 or ARC 195 or ARC 200 or ANT 101 or ANT 195 or ANT/SOC 202. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/ESC/GEO 347 Cr.3

Geoarchaeology

An applied course on the contribution of earth sciences to the interpretation of archaeological contexts. This course will consist of field, lab and lecture components. Emphasis is placed on the methods of geoarchaeology and the applications of selected earth science fields to archaeological problems. Field trips will be a required component of the course in order to complete field descriptions and sampling. Prerequisite: ARC 195 or ESC 222 or ESC/GEO 426 or ESC/GEO 430. Cross-listed with ARC/ESC/GEO; may only earn credit in one department. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 350 Cr.1-6

Independent Foreign Research in Archaeology

An individually designed, directed archaeological research project in a foreign country dealing with a significant field, laboratory, museum or archival/library research problem. The course permits in-depth, independent research using foreign sources, facilities, and resource persons. Requires a high degree of motivation and the ability to work independently. Only three credits may apply to the major. Prerequisite: INS 250; junior standing; consent of the department of sociology/archaeology. Consent of department. Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC/HIS 353 Cr.3

Maya Civilization

The course presents an overview of the Maya culture located in southern Mexico and Central America. The class is organized chronologically into several sections that focus on the origins, adaptations to various environments, social, political, and religious organizations, and the belief systems of the Maya beginning at around 3000 BC. Emphasis will be on Prehispanic Maya; will also explore life ways of contemporary Maya people. (Cross-listed with ARC/ANT/HIS, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Summer.

ANT/ARC 357 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Africa

An anthropological introduction to the peoples and cultures of sub-Saharan Africa. Through classic and contemporary ethnography, as well as literature and film, this course will examine the history, diversity, and richness of African civilizations from pre-colonial times to the present. Throughout the course we will examine and challenge Western narratives about Africa and Africans, and take a critical approach to understanding current social, political, and economic issues facing African peoples. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 365 Cr.3

Ancient Iraq

A historical and archaeological survey of ancient Iraq (Syro-Mesopotamia) from its prehistoric origins in the neolithic period to the Seleucid period. Ethnic groups discussed will include the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Kassites, Amorites, Chaldeans, and Elamites. Topics will include the rise of urbanism, cuneiform writing, religion, literature, displaced persons, gender relations, and social structure. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 366 Cr.3

Ancient Israel

A historical and archaeological survey of coastal Syria and Palestine from the neolithic period to the Roman conquest. Various ethnic groups discussed will include the Eblaites, Phoenicians, Philistines, Canaanites, Arameans, Israelites, Samaritans, and Judeans. Special emphasis will be placed on putting biblical history in its Palestinian context. Topics will include social structure, gender relations, religion, and literature. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 367 Cr.3

Ancient Egypt

This course is a survey of the history, archaeology, culture, and civilization of ancient Egypt from the prehistoric periods, the Pharaonic periods, as well as the Greaco-Roman periods (to the advent of Christianity). Special attention will be given to reading historical texts in translation. We will also explore various aspects of Egyption religion, and the treatment of woman and non-Egyption ethnic groups. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 368 Cr.3

History of Babylonian Language and Culture I

This course is a survey of Babylonian history, culture, and language. Babylonian, was the most extensive of the cuneiform languages of the ancient Near East, was the language of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians and was used for over two millennia. Students will study aspects of the history and culture of ancient Babylonia, as well as learn the fundamentals of Babylonian grammar and syntax, and the cuneiform writing system. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 369 Cr.3

History of Babylonian Language and Culture II

This course is a second semester survey of Babylonian history, culture, and language. Babylonian, was the most extensive of the cuneiform languages of the ancient Near East, was the language of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians and was used for over two millennia. Whereas the student studies grammatical forms and is introduced to the cuneiform writing system in the first semester, the student in the second semester will work with documents. Students will study aspects of the history and culture of ancient Babylonia in later periods, as well as read legal, economic, and literary texts in the original language. Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 372 Cr.3

History of Women in the Ancient World

A history of the nature and status of women in the ancient world as derived from textual sources, including works of literature, private letters, economic documents, and tomb inscriptions. Areas studies will be Syro-Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, Anatolia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean world. Also discussed will be the study of women as derived from archaeological sources. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC 373 Cr.3

The Sky in Human Cultures

The Sky in Human Cultures examines how ancient peoples analyzed their skies, how they interpreted and applied the results of their observations, and what roles their considerable sky knowledge played in their lives and societies. While the course draws on some modern astronomical observation and calculation, this class relies primarily on anthropology and archaeology to explore the intimate relationships ancient peoples developed with this important feature of their environments. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ARC 195 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Every Third Semester.

ARC/HIS 374 Cr.3

Ancient Turkey

An historical and archaeological survey of ancient Anatolia (the geographic name of Turkey) and surrounding regions (e.g., Syria and the Caucaucus) from its prehistoric origins in the Neolithic period, the rise of urbanism, Assyrian mercantilism, Pre-Hattic cultures, the Hittite kingdoms, the Neo-Hittite states, Urartu, Phrygia, Lydia, Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, and various states in the Graeco-Roman period to the advent of Anatolian Christianity. Topics will include cuneiform writing, religion, literature, law, gender relations, and social structure. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC/HIS 375 Cr.3

Iran before Islam

An historical and archaeological survey of ancient Iran and surrounding regions from prehistoric origins to the advent of Islam in the 7th century A.D. Among the topics discussed will be: the rise of urbanism and writing at Proto-Elamite Susa, Elamite civilization in southwestern Iran, Medes, Scythians, and Persians in the Iron Age, the Persian Empire, as well as the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanian kingdoms of later antiquity. Emphasis will be on the study of primary sources in translation (Sumerian, Akkadian, Elamite, Old Persian, Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, amongst others). Topics will include cuneiform writing in Iran, religion, literature, gender relations, classical traditions about Iran, and social structure. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ARC 395 Cr.1

Graduate Preparation Seminar

Third year students who are interested in pursuing a graduate degree in anthropology or archaeology have many things to consider. This seminar is designed to help students determine what research they intend to pursue after graduation, what graduate schools are particularly well suited to meet their research needs, how to target and apply to certain programs, and how to develop an impressive resume. This seminar will also serve to prepare students who do not intend to continue their education in graduate school for employment opportunities upon graduation. Prerequisite: archaeology major plan; junior standing. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Fall.

ARC/HIS 396 Cr.3

Ancient Syria

A historical and archaeological survey of ancient Syria and surrounding regions from prehistoric origins to the advent of the Roman conquest in the first century B.C. Among the topics discussed will be the rise of urbanism and writing along the Euphrates River, religion, gender, social structure, and literature. Moreover, the student will study in translation the vast cuneiform archives from Ebla, Mari, Alalakh, Qattara, Nuzi, Emar, and Ugarit, to name a few. Furthermore, biblical, classical, and medieval sources concerning Syria in the first millennium B. C. will be studied. (Cross-listed with ARC/HIS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ARC/SOC 399 Cr.3

SOC/ARC/ANT Forum

Investigation of areas and topics of current sociological/archaeological/anthropological interest not covered in the regular curriculum ranging from local to transnational issues. (Cross-listed with SOC, ANT and ARC, may only earn 12 credits total in SOC, ANT and ARC.) Repeatable for credit - maximum 12. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 402 Cr.3-8

Field Methods in Archaeology

Practical application of the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites, including surveying techniques, methods of excavation, compilation of field data, and laboratory analysis. Prerequisite: ARC 195. Consent of instructor. Offered Summer.

ARC 404 Cr.3

Environmental Archaeology

This course investigates the relationship between prehistoric human societies and their biotic communities. An array of techniques using plant and animal remains from archaeological contexts to reconstruct aspects of ancient environments, climates, and human subsistence patterns are examined. Applications of environmental data toward the understanding of human settlement and subsistence systems are discussed. Prerequisite: ARC 195; junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 409/509 Cr.1-3

Readings and Research in Archaeology

Directed readings or research under the super-vision of an instructor. Repeatable for credit — maximum 12. Prerequisite: ARC 200 or ARC 490 or ARC 493; junior standing. Consent of instructor. Offered Annually.

ARC 415 Cr.3

Advanced Research Applications in Archaeology

This course will provide advanced training in archaeological data collection and analysis, with focus on designing theoretically-rich analyses that can be applied to answering specific research questions. To this end, each semester will focus intensively on a single category of advanced analysis, such as lithic or ceramic materials analysis. Prerequisite: ARC 195 and ARC 303. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 445 Cr.3

Research Methods in Archaeology

This course is an introduction to a broad spectrum of research strategies available to archaeologists with a focus on quantitative methods. It is not a course in statistics. Rather, the course is intended to help students learn to be comfortable working with qualitative and quantitative data, and to be a sampler of commonly used quantitative methods in archaeology. Prerequisite: ARC 195; MTH 145 recommended. Offered Fall.

ARC 450 Cr.1-15

Internship in Archaeology

An academically relevant field experience for archaeology students. The experience will involve direct participation in excavation, laboratory analysis, or other aspects of archaeological science including museum work, supervised by an archaeologist or professional of a related discipline. Repeatable for credit — maximum 15. Only three credits can apply to the major. Prerequisite: junior standing; minimum 3.00 cumulative GPA. Consent of department. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

ARC 455 Cr.3

Historical and Theoretical Perspectives in Archaeology

This course reviews the practice of archaeology from its antiquarian beginnings through modern times. The goal of the course is to explore, from a historical perspective, the theoretical approaches that have been used by archaeologists to explain past human behavior. By exploring the development of archaeological thought through time, students will gain a deeper understanding of current theoretical approaches in archaeology. Prerequisite: ARC 195; junior standing. Offered Fall.

ANT/ARC 479 Cr.1-2

Archaeology/Anthropology Laboratory Assistant

An opportunity to assist in the preparation and instruction of an archaeology/anthropology laboratory. Students will be expected to assist in preparation of course materials, demonstrate proper techniques, and evaluate student performance. Repeatable for credit - maximum 4. Not applicable to the archaeology major or anthropology minor. (Cross-listed with ANT/ARC, may only earn credit in one department.) Consent of instructor. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

ARC 489 Cr.3

Honors Thesis in Archaeology

This is the capstone course for Archaeological Studies majors enrolled in the Archaeology Honors Program. Honors students take this course in lieu of ARC 499, typically during their final year. The course is designed to assist the student in completing a Baccalaureate thesis that will be presented in hard copy as well as verbally at the Annual Archaeological Studies Spring Research Colloquium. Prerequisite: ARC 195; ARC 200; acceptance to the archaeology honors program; senior standing. Offered Spring.

ARC 490/590 Cr.3

Archaeology for Teachers

This course explores methods and resources for applying archaeology in the regular precollegiate classroom. A brief overview of the science of archaeology, and the pre-European cultures of Wisconsin and Minnesota is provided. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 491/591 Cr.3

Archaeology Field School for Teachers

Participants will experience the basic skills used in the excavation of archaeological sites, including surveying techniques, methods of excavation, compilation, of field data and laboratory analysis. Practical application of the skills will be related to the classroom of the precollegiate instructor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 12. Prerequisite: ARC 490 or ARC 493; junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 492/592 Cr.3

Archaeology Analysis Procedures for Teachers

Taking a hands-on approach to analyzing and interpreting archaeological remains, the class will integrate lectures with demonstrations, experiments, and supervised laboratory projects. Study will focus on the potential for interpreting human life ways and adaptations to the environment from stone tools, ceramics, floral, and faunal remains. Practical application of the interpretation process will be related to the classroom of the precollegiate instructor. Introduction will provide an overview of field procedures. Prerequisite: ARC 490 or ARC 493; junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 493/593 Cr.3

Wisconsin Archaeology for Teachers

This class is designed to provide teachers with substantial content on the science of archaeology and the pre-European history of Wisconsin. Through an inquiry-based approach, teachers learn the process of archaeological interpretation of cultural patterns from material remains by undertaking the reconstruction of such patterns from a provided sample of material remains. This process is applicable to the K-12 classroom. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 494/594 Cr.1-3

Applied Archaeology for Teachers

This class is designed to give teachers a comprehensive and hands-on personal experience in archaeological data acquisition, interpretation and experimental archaeology. Participants will apply class content to the K-12 classroom. Repeatable for credit - maximum 12. Prerequisite: junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 498/598 Cr.1-3

Seminar in Archaeology

Intensive study of some specific area or problem of archaeology. Repeatable for credit - maximum 12 credits between ARC 498 and ANT 499. Departmental option for pass/fail or letter grade. Prerequisite: ARC 200 or ARC 490 or ARC 493; junior standing. Offered Occasionally.

ARC 499 Cr.3

Senior Project/Thesis in Archaeology

This course is the last course in the Archaeological Studies major course sequence and is normally taken during the student’s final year. The course is designed to assist the student in completing the graduation requirement of the senior project/thesis. Prerequisite: ARC 195; senior standing; admission to archeology major. Consent of instructor. Offered Spring.

Sociology Courses

SOC/WGS 105 Cr.3

Introduction to LGBT Studies

This course will examine the cultural, legal, and political dimensions of LGBT life in the U.S. It will begin by exploring the social invention of heterosexuality and how personal and institutional interpretations of sexuality have historically informed the lives of LGBT people. The course also addresses class, racial and gender biases that especially confront queer communities of color in the U.S. Finally, the course looks at continued instances of hate crimes and homophobia against the backdrop of rights-based activism and the role that art and politics play in this interplay. (Cross-listed with WGS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

+SOC 110 Cr.3

The Social World

An analysis of the complex relationship between society, the individual and the physical environment. It examines such questions as: how social patterns develop and persist over time; how the individual is shaped by social, cultural and environmental factors; why societies are constantly changing; and how individuals, through social interaction, shape their social world. Cross-cultural comparisons will be emphasized, showing how society and the physical environment affect the life choices of individuals. Offered Annually.

+SOC 120 Cr.3

Social Problems

Social analysis, critical thinking, and problem solving are introduced as basic social science skills. These skills are applied to major contemporary social problems related to deviant behavior, social inequality, social change, and problems associated with major societal institutions. A variety of individual and collective responses and social policy strategies at local, national, and international levels are examined. Offered Fall.

SOC 200 Cr.3

Foundations of Sociological Analysis

Designed for sociology majors, this course focuses on: (1) learning to think sociologically, including deeper comprehension of core sociological perspectives and concepts; (2) understanding the scientific methods in sociology; (3) the formulation of sociological research questions; (4) the resources and skills needed to effectively write a critical literature review; and (5) professionalization including how to build a curriculum vitae/resume, careers in sociology, presenting at professional conferences, and applying to graduate school. Sociology majors should take this course as soon as possible after completing SOC 110, as the skills taught in this course will benefit students in their upper division sociology courses. Prerequisite: SOC 110; sociology major plan. Offered Annually.

+ANT/SOC 202 Cr.3

Contemporary Global Issues

This course will offer a contemporary multi-disciplinary perspective regarding the major issues and trends confronting the Global Society as it enters the 21st century. Emphasis will be given to a critical review and assessment of the origin and present condition of the plethora of situations and problems affecting modern Global Society. The student will also learn to critically evaluate current and future events. The course will incorporate the views and approaches of the following disciplines: sociology/anthropology, economics, geography, political science and history. Cross-listed with ANT/ECO/GEO/HIS/POL/SOC 202; may only earn credit in one department. Offered Annually.

SOC 212 Cr.3

Marriage and Family

An investigation into the many facets of love and how marriage and family experiences typically alter the nature of marital intimacy. The social construction of our sexual identities is also explored as well as the significance of this process to our quality of life. The major course emphasis is given to understanding the contemporary institutions of marriage and family, and the changes that these institutions are now experiencing. Offered Spring.

SOC 216 Cr.3

Society and Schools

A social analysis and review of research on the school as a learning environment, a social organization and a societal institution. Specific topics include classroom interaction, school social climate, social inequalities in the schools, and selected educational controversies. Offered Occasionally.

+SOC 225 Cr.3

Racial and Ethnic Minorities (ES)

This course offers a critical examination of the social dynamics shaping race and ethnicity in the United States. Students will examine both historic and contemporary issues related to race and ethnicity including the social construction of race, sources of prejudice, institutional and individual-level discrimination, power relations and stratification, and strategies for addressing racial and ethnic inequality. Emphasis is placed on the use of empirical evidence to evaluate popular beliefs about race and ethnicity in the United States. Offered Annually.

SOC 240 Cr.3

The Sociology of Sport and Leisure

An investigation of the interrelationship between sports/leisure time activities and society’s social structure; its institutions and culture. Special emphasis is on the role social structure plays in the formation of values and attitudes related to sports and leisure time activities. Offered Occasionally.

SOC 250 Cr.3

Methods of Social Research I

This course introduces students to principles and procedures for the quantitative measurement of social phenomena. It emphasizes interpretation and uses of quantitative techniques in sociological data analysis. The primary goal is to provide students with skills and practical application of techniques used to understand how sociologists measure, evaluate and use individual and social indicators such as socioeconomic status, residential segregation, and crime statistics. The department strongly encourages students to take SOC 200 and SOC 250 concurrently. Prerequisite: SOC 110; sociology major plan. Offered Annually.

ANT/SOC 307 Cr.3

International Development and Culture Change

This course provides students with an overview of socio-cultural theories of international development and culture change. The course examines the cultural construction of 'development' as a product of the colonial era, the Cold War, and what has been called the neoliberal global economy. The goal of the course is to provide students with a comprehensive study of the strengths and limitations of contemporary development theory and method in anthropology and sociology, including such topics as conservation and the environment, indigenous peoples, gender and development, and the role of social movements and non-governmental organizations in the developmental process. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

SOC 310 Cr.3

Social Stratification

The nature, study, theories and types of social stratification systems are examined along with the forces contributing to their maintenance and disruption. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 311 Cr.3

Rural and Urban Sociology

Basic sociological concepts and principles are applied to life in rural vs. urban communities. Focus will be on the political economy, the culture, and social problems of rural people in comparison to urban people. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Fall - Even Numbered Years.

SOC 313 Cr.3

Law and Society

Analysis of the origins and functions of law in society. The focus of the course will be upon modern American society and the relationship of law to social change and its impact upon such concerns as civil rights, environmental protection, sex-role differentiation, treatment of handicapped and the mentally ill. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Annually.

SOC 315 Cr.3

Religion and Society

Explores the social and cultural context in which religion functions; the effects of religion upon behavior and attitudes; the social organization of denominations, sects, cults and movements; the relationships between religion and other social institutions; religion and social inequality; social change and the future of religion. Special attention is given to world religions and ethical and public policy issues concerning religion, society, and the individual. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 316 Cr.3

Gender, Sexuality, and Social Change in Religion

This course examines the various gender roles, norms, mobility, restrictions and empowerment that people experience within religious traditions, for example: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Global case studies and engaging narratives focused on the intersections of gender, sexuality, race, and religion will be considered. Special attention will be paid to feminist laypersons and religious leaders who are reformulating traditional understandings and practices, and in turn, negotiating their agency within secular and spiritual spaces. Prerequisite: WGS 100 or WGS 230 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. Offered Occasionally.

SOC 317 Cr.3

Sociology of Media

This course will critically examine the relationship between media, culture and society. In this course, we examine the impact of media in society across multiple areas including the history and structure of media organizations, media economics, methods used in media research, the relationship between political power and the media, and the distinction between news and entertainment. We will give special attention to theoretical approaches used to examine media in each of these substantive areas. Multiple forms of media will be examined including printed presses, radio, television, electronic news, virtual and online communities, film and social networking platforms. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Occasionally.

SOC 320 Cr.3

Demography

This course is designed as a basic survey of the field of demography. Sources of population data will be explored along with causes and consequences of population growth, composition and distribution. This course will focus on the concepts, measurements, trends and theories of the major demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 321 Cr.3

Delinquency

This course is an overview of the sociological study of delinquency, with special emphasis on competing theoretical perspectives. In the process of learning about theoretical perspectives aimed at explaining delinquency, this course will pay special attention to gender delinquency, gangs, current events regarding delinquency and the U.S. juvenile justice system. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Spring.

SOC 322 Cr.3

Criminology

This course provides an overview of the sociological study of crime in the United States, with a special emphasis on patterns of criminality, competing theoretical explanations of crime, and societal responses to crime. As part of the examination of crime in the U.S., the course explores the definitions, measurement, and patterns of various types of criminal behavior; theory and research on crime; the roles of the victim and offender and the implications of public policy. Specific crimes covered include homicide, hate/bias crime, assault, and white-collar crime. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Fall.

SOC 323 Cr.3

Corrections and Penology

This course provides an interdisciplinary review of criminal punishment and correctional systems in the U.S. This course examines dominant punishment philosophies such as deterrence, incapacitation, retribution and rehabilitation. Both institutional and community-based approaches to corrections are covered and particular attention is devoted to understanding the social context of current practices, the nature of correctional populations, and the management of correctional systems. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 324 Cr.3

Criminal Justice

This course provides an overview of the United States criminal justice system. Issues relating to various segments of the criminal justice system, such as the administration of justice, the police, courts, and correctional systems are explored. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Fall.

SOC 325 Cr.3

Sociology of Mental Illness

An examination of mental health and illness, and mental health care systems in the U.S. and other industrialized and non-industrialized societies, including: the processes involved in identifying and recruiting patients into the mental health care system; a social analysis of psychotherapy, including talk therapies, medications, electro-convulsive treatment and psychosurgery; and social organization of mental hospitals and of community mental health centers; socio-legal issues related to mental illness; and a review and synthesis of social psychological and sociological theories relevant to understanding mental health and illness. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101 or PSY 100. Offered Fall - Every Third Year.

SOC 326 Cr.3

Sociopharmacology

The study of the social structural factors related to drug use with emphasis on change at the societal level in dealing with the drug problem. This course examines the current and historical patterns of drug use in society. The emphasis will be on understanding the sequence of initiation, use, and misuse of psychoactive drugs. This course will focus on the social problems and social policy aspects of drugs. Question addressed include: How does society choose which drugs to treat as social problems? What are the potential versus real life effects of current laws and policies intended to curb drug use? What are the treatment and prevention strategies used today? What kinds of programs are successful and why? Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Every Third Semester.

SOC 328 Cr.3

Environmental Sociology

Environmental Sociology provides a framework for understanding the role of physical-biological factors in shaping social structures and behaviors as well as the impact of social organization and social change on the natural environment. This course will focus on the conflicts between the logic of economic growth and the realities of both the global environment and social justice within and between societies. Offered Spring.

SOC 330 Cr.3

Social Psychology

Social psychology from a sociological perspective. Primary attention is given to social behavior and communication patterns in terms of their genesis and change in the context of social groups and social relationships. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101 or PSY 100. Students may only earn credit in SOC 330 or PSY 241. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 334 Cr.3

Sociology of Small Groups

An introduction to the understanding and interpreting of human behavior in small groups. The focus of the course will be to provide students with some analytical tools to understand the social dynamics of small groups as well as the techniques for improving the interpersonal effectiveness of the student in small group situations. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. May only earn credit in SOC 334 or CST 365 or PSY 343. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC 335 Cr.3

Collective Behavior

A systematic study of social processes which emerge in unstructured social situations; principles of behavior as expressed in crowds, mobs, panics, fads, fashions, social movements, personal organization and behavior in unstructured social situations. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 337 Cr.3

Globalization, Women, and Work

This course examines the global and often exploitative experiences of women, migrating from one part of the world to another for work. As women leave their countries of origin, many find themselves working as nannies, sex workers, house cleaners and modern-day slaves in sweatshops. These work environments often create vulnerability, discrimination, and abuse of women within the private and public institutions of their host countries. The course will also use in-depth personal narratives and a focus on grassroots social movements to witness how women resist workplace policies and domestic laws to campaign for their rights, despite cultural and political constraints. Prerequisite: WGS 100 or WGS 210 or WGS 230 or EFN 205 or ERS 100. (Cross-listed with WGS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 338 Cr.3

Sociological Aspects of Work and Life

This course will explore the sociological impact of work and life demands in contemporary American society. Special emphasis will be given to how gender, sexual orientation, social class, race and ethnicity, and family structure affect individuals’ ability to balance the demands of work and life. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS 338; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

SOC 340 Cr.3

Bioethics and Society

A sociological examination of medical/ethical decision-making that includes an analysis of psychosocial aspects of patient care and public policy in medical ethics. Approaches to medical ethics are reviewed in terms of a case-based ethical problem-solving model that includes sociological and demographic factors. The course may be team-taught with colleagues in medical bioethics and will include the social sources of bioethics, social organization of bioethics in health care, and bioethical case studies. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101 or PHL 100. May only earn credit in SOC 340 or PHL 339. Offered Occasionally.

ERS/SOC 343 Cr.3

American Indian Contemporary Issues

This course is an interdisciplinary examination of American Indian contemporary experience in the United States. It will introduce students to some of the critical issues in American Indian studies by examining the place of American Indians within the American imagination, politics and society. The course concentrates on issues of tribal sovereignty, economics, social class and structure, and the difficulties of maintaining a tribal identity in the 21st century. Prerequisite: one of the following: EFN 205, ERS 100, ERS 253, HIS 310, SOC 225, or WGS 230. (Cross-listed with ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Fall.

SOC 350 Cr.3

Methods of Social Research II

An overview of the issues and methods involved in the process of scientific investigation of social phenomena. The limitations of, and ethical issues involved in, social research are examined. Data collection methods, both quantitative and qualitative, including surveys, observation, and secondary data analysis are investigated. Students propose and complete a research project, applying material learned in Sociological Research Methods I, including student application of various research techniques and computer-assisted data analysis. Prerequisite: SOC 200, SOC 250. Offered Fall, Spring.

ANT/SOC 354 Cr.3

Peoples and Cultures of Latin America

This course is designed to give students an anthropological perspective on contemporary peoples living in Central and South America, the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, and Mexico. The course provides an overview of Latin American pre-histories, analyzing how the past influences present-day societies. The course then examines particular cultural aspects of the region, such as religion and ideologies, race, ethnicity, and gender, popular culture and the media, culture change, and social movements. Discussions throughout the course will also focus on the Latin American diaspora and how Latin American cultures are shaping, and shaped by, other cultures around the globe. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT/SOC 202 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC, may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/SOC 360 Cr.3

Catastrophes and Human Societies

An analysis of cultural impact of catastrophic events in human societies - natural and human-engineered disasters. Various dramatic upheavals will be explored across time and cultures as the class examines human and environmental traumas to which societies must adapt, the cultural interpretations/response which follow, and the manner in which major disasters have redefined and redirected the character and probable future history of each damaged, even endangered society. Study cases will include volcanic and weather cataclysms, plagues and associated population crashes, environmental catastrophes, as well as war, terrorism, and bio-terrorism. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. (Cross-listed with ANT/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ANT/ERS/SOC 362 Cr.3

Hmong Americans

This is an introductory course to Hmong American history, culture, and contemporary life. The course reviews Hmong history within the context of U. S. foreign policy in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1975 and examines the sociocultural transformations that have been taking place in Hmong American communities across the U.S. since 1976. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or ANT 195 or SOC/ANT 202 or ARC 100 or SOC 110 or SOC 120. (Cross-listed with ANT/ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

ERS/SOC 363 Cr.3

American Indians and the Environment

This course introduces students to American Indian environmental issues. Topics include treaty-based hunting, fishing and gathering rights, air and water quality regulatory authority, environmental racism, toxic and nuclear waste disposal on Indian lands, mining and hydroelectric dams, sacred sites, and Indian vs. Western perceptions of the environment. Special attention will be given to current environmental controversies in Wisconsin Indian country. Prerequisite: one of the following: EFN 205; ERS 100, ERS 253; ERS/SOC 343; SOC 225, SOC 328. (Cross-listed with ERS/SOC; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

SOC 370 Cr.3

Sociology of Gender

Explores the social construction, variation and consequences of gender categories across time and space. Examines how gender identities are developed and how gender structures our experiences in education, work, families, the media and other institutions. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Alternate Years.

SOC/WGS 375 Cr.3

Lesbian Studies

Examines the social construction of sexual orientation and its meaning for women and women’s equality. The course draws on a range of sources, including scientific research, history, literature, psychological theory, and popular culture. Prerequisite: WGS 100 or WGS 210 or WGS 230 or EFN 205. (Cross-listed with SOC/WGS; may only earn credit in one department.) Offered Occasionally.

SOC 390 Cr.3

Early Sociological Theory

Critical survey of scholars who contributed to the rise of scientific sociology, focusing on the historical circumstances, the personalities and the ideas of the prominent early sociologists prior to the mid-twentieth century. Particular attention is given to August Comte, Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, and C. Wright Mills. Prerequisite: SOC 200. Offered Annually.

SOC 395 Cr.3

Contemporary Sociological Theory

Modern sociological theories at the macro- and micro-levels are summarized, compared and applied. Macro-level theories include social evolution, general systems, functionalist, and social conflict theories. Micro-level theories include interaction, self, role, phenomenological, exchange, rational choice, and interaction ritual theories. The linkage of micro- and macro-level theory in sociology is addressed in network and organizational theories. Selected concepts and perspectives are applied in sociological practice projects. Prerequisite: SOC 200. Offered Spring.

ANT/ARC/SOC 399 Cr.3

SOC/ARC/ANT Forum

Investigation of areas and topics of current sociological/archaeological/anthropological interest not covered in the regular curriculum ranging from local to transnational issues. (Cross-listed with SOC, ANT and ARC, may only earn 12 credits total in SOC, ANT and ARC.) Repeatable for credit - maximum 12. Offered Occasionally.

SOC 404 Cr.3

Global Inequality

This course explores explanations for inequality between countries. Macro-sociological theories and comparative methods are used to analyze cross-cultural and cross-national differences and similarities in basic institutions, including family, education, and political economy. The main course objective is that students develop an understanding of the consequences of living in a world of global inequality. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 202 or ANT 101 or ANT 202. Offered Every Third Semester.

SOC 405 Cr.3

Quantitative Social Research Seminar

This course guides students through the completion of an independent quantitative sociological research project. Students conduct research on a topic related to their own interest within the field of sociology using standard quantitative methods such as survey research, evaluation research, or secondary data analysis. Each student formulates a sociologically relevant research hypothesis, designs the appropriate research methodology, reviews relevant theoretical and empirical literature, and gathers and analyzes data in a step-by-step process. The results of the research process are presented in a formal research paper. Prerequisite: SOC 350; SOC 390 or SOC 395. Offered Annually.

ECO/GEO/HIS/POL/PSY/SOC 408 Cr.4

Teaching and Learning History & Social Studies in the Secondary School

This course will be integrated with a field experience. In the context of a real classroom, teacher candidates will learn how to plan for and assess student learning in history and social sciences. With a focus on content knowledge, teacher candidates will plan a variety of meaningful learning experiences, assess student learning, and monitor and modify instruction to best support the individual learners in the classroom. The teacher candidate will design, enact, and assess activities that advance student understanding to more complex levels. Teacher candidates will gain experience in monitoring the obstacles and barriers that some students or groups of students face in school and learn how to design learning experiences to support all learners. HIS/ECO/GEO/POL/PSY/SOC 408 Offered Fall, Spring.

SOC 409 Cr.1-3

Readings and Research in Sociology

Directed readings or research under the supervision of an instructor. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6. Prerequisite: junior standing. Consent of instructor. Offered Fall, Spring.

SOC 410 Cr.3

Sociology Honors Project

The development and completion of an honors research project under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisite: acceptance into the sociology honors program. Consent of instructor. Offered Annually.

SOC 414 Cr.3

Policy and Society

This course offers a critical analysis of social policy development and impacts in the United States today. Students will apply sociological theories to explain how demographic changes, collective behavior and other social changes converged to allow specific social policies to be designed, proposed and implemented. Students will also examine the impacts of such policies on the various social groups directly and indirectly affected and compare policies in the U.S. to similar policies in other countries. Social policies such as welfare reform, Social Security and federal agricultural policies are among the topics prospectively covered in this course. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101 or SOC/ANT 202; junior standing recommended. Offered Every Third Semester.

SOC 416 Cr.3

Qualitative Explorations

This course is designed to familiarize students with the major techniques of qualitative data collection and analysis used by sociologists and other social scientists. These include feminist methods, participant observation, in-depth interviewing, biographical methods, content analysis, archival research, and a variety of nonreactive techniques. This course will also address the links among theory, data, and methods and provide an appreciation for the qualitative tradition in social sciences. Students will learn how to conduct field research. The course will follow a seminar format emphasizing reading, group discussion, in- and out- of class exercises, oral presentations, original research and writing. Prerequisite: SOC 350; SOC 390 or SOC 395. Offered Annually.

SOC 420 Cr.3

Health Care and Illness

A survey of the social organization of medical professions, socialization of personnel, sick role dynamics, social construction of illness, lay referral networks, political factors in health care delivery, and problems of various age groups and families in coping with illness in several societies. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or SOC 200 or ANT 101. Offered Fall - Even Numbered Years.

PSY/SOC 422 Cr.3

Death, Grief, and Bereavement

A study of the interaction of individuals and families coping with dying and death in various social settings including hospitals, care facilities, and hospices. Topics include psychosocial aspects of grief and mourning, sociological dimensions of bereavement, and various rituals of funeralization in the U.S. and other societies. Special attention is given to case studies and medical/ethical decision-making at the end of life, as well as other aspects of the social organization of death, dying, and bereavement. Students cannot earn credit in both SOC 422 and PSY 422. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101; junior standing. Offered Annually.

SOC 429 Cr.3

Sociology of Deviance

This course provides an overview of the sociological study of deviance. Various definitions of deviance are examined within the context of individuals, behaviors, and groups who are considered deviants as well as those who apply the deviant labels. The course explores a variety of theoretical perspectives of deviance and social construction of deviance, the enforcement of social norms, and the social control systems that are established to respond to deviance. A variety of forms of deviance are covered, including: mental illness, drug and alcohol use, sexual deviance, and suicide. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or SOC 120 or ANT 101. Offered Spring.

SOC 450 Cr.3-15

Internship in Sociology

An academically relevant field experience for majors and minors in sociology/anthropology. The field experience will be supervised by the sociology/anthropology staff. No more than six credits may be applied to a major in sociology and no more than three credits toward sociology minor or anthropology minor. Repeatable for credit — maximum 15. Prerequisite: SOC 110; junior standing: cumulative GPA of at least 2.50. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

SOC 451 Cr.3

Internship in Criminal Justice

An academically relevant field experience for minors in criminal justice. Prerequisite: SOC 324; junior standing; criminal justice minor plan. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Annually.

SOC 485 Cr.1-2

Research Apprenticeship in Sociology

The student will assist a faculty member in any phase of the research process including literature searches, research design, data gathering and data analysis. Repeatable for credit - maximum 4. Prerequisite: SOC 200, SOC 250. Consent of instructor. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Fall, Spring.

SOC 486 Cr.1-2

Teaching Apprenticeship in Sociology

This course provides preparation and experience in a variety of instructional practices, strategies, and techniques. Students study theory and research on teaching and practice teaching skills under the guidance of faculty members. Repeatable for credit - maximum 4. Prerequisite: SOC 200, SOC 250; junior standing; minimum 3.25 GPA. Consent of instructor. Pass/Fail grading. Offered Fall, Spring.

SOC 499 Cr.3

Seminar in Sociology

Intensive study of some specific area or problem of sociology. Repeatable for credit - maximum 6. Prerequisite: SOC 350 or SOC 390 or SOC 395. Offered Occasionally.

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